Drug abuse and smoking pose serious risks to human health and the social life of the community and have significant economic and environmental costs. The United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime 2020 World Drug Report, which published in 2018, states that more than 35 million people suffered from the consequences of drug abuse. The most common drugs used are cannabis, alcohol, methamphetamine, heroin, amphetamine-type stimulus, cocaine, ecstasy, opium, poly drug, pharmaceutical cocktails, tranquilizers and sedatives etc. Factors contributing towards drug abuse include easy access to drugs, rapidly changing social norms, existence and presence of drug dens and cartels, unemployment and economic distress, lack of awareness on drug abuse within the family and in educational institutions, mental health problems (such as anxiety, depression, anger, grief, low self-esteem, frustration, rejection etc.), curiosity/urge to experiment, influence of media portrayals, peer pressure and lack of support by the community etc. To address the problem, the Federal Government has passed various laws including the Control of Narcotics Substance Act, 1997 and the Drugs Act, 1976 that proscribe the possession and distribution of illicit drugs and alcohol with penalties for violations provided in the Code of Criminal Procedure up to and including capital punishment.
The World Health Organization documents reveal that more than 8 million people die each year from tobacco use. The Federal Government enacted the Prohibition of Smoking and Protection of Non-smokers Health Ordinance, 2002 to limit smoking at public places of work or use and in public service vehicles and to outlaw tobacco storage, sale, or distribution in the vicinity of educational institutions. Individuals and institutions those violate the law may face the penalty as given in the ordinance.
This policy is applicable upon the students, faculty, staff and visitors (including individuals associated with outsourced services) in the premises of the College including grounds and cafeterias etc.
The College shall undertake efforts to prevent drug abuse, smoking and illicit smoking. The College will constitute a Committee, Anti-Drug and Tobacco Committee (ADTC), to probe the reported cases in the College premises pertaining to drug and tobacco abuse and make recommendation thereon.
The College shall take the following steps for the prevention of drug and tobacco abuse:
a) Awareness against Drug Abuse and Tobacco Consumption
b) Awareness Raising Strategies
In order to create and promote awareness and to educate people about the negative effects of drug and tobacco use and its prohibition, the College, through the ADTC, shall take the following measures:
c) Activities and Programs
Students must be encouraged to participate in a diverse array of programs as healthy engagements that may prevent any inclination toward smoking or Drug Abuse. These may include:
d) Engaging various Organizations and Societies
The College can collaborate with various governmental/non-governmental organizations, effectively working for the cause to eradicate drug abuse and discourage tobacco consumption.
a) On Campus Counselor/Psychologist/Psychiatrist
The College Management shall help students, staff and faculty members by guiding them through any problems or issues such as peer pressure and demotivation which often lead to drug and tobacco consumption. Any student suffering from any mental health issues such as anxiety, depression, or post-traumatic stress disorder may also seek assistance from the College. If the student requires further assistance, the concern can be referred to rehabilitative services.
b) Coordination with Parents
In case actions are taken against students in pursuant to the provisions of Section 6 of this policy, the College where necessary will also take necessary measures of helping the students with rehabilitation and facilitating their return to their studies in case of any gap.
Campus security and/or any other staff member (deputed for the purpose) shall undertake frequent and random visits to the cafeterias, canteens, tuck shops, and other such places susceptible to the sale, usage and distribution of drugs/tobacco and shall report to the Chairman (who is competent authority) for any suspicious or illicit activity occurring in contravention of this policy and relevant legislation.
b) Training programs
Staff and faculty may receive training aimed at understanding behavior indicative of drug abuse so that they may refer such matters to the College management in order to protect the health of the students.
In addition to the security staff/individual indicated under sub-section (a) of this section; any person associated with the College including the student, faculty member, non-teaching staff, administrative staff, or a visitor may submit a complaint in writing to the Chairman, stating that a person or more persons has/have been seen engaged in drug abuse, illicit smoking, or the unlawful sale or distribution of drugs/tobacco at the College. The identity of the whistle blower/complainant shall be kept confidential. The Chairman will forward the complaint to the ADTC for probing and appropriate action without revealing the identity of the whistle blower.
d) Initial Scrutiny
Each complaint shall be assessed based on shared information. Complaints substantive in nature and associated with sufficient supporting documents/evidence shall be considered for further investigation by the ADTC.
The ADTC shall investigate all non-frivolous complaints before making its decision through the following process:
All complaints shall be examined by the ADTC within one month of the receipt and the ADTC's report made thereon with recommended penalties as detailed in section 6 of this policy shall be forwarded to the Chairman for approval.
An appeal can be made by the aggrieved within seven working days of the receipt of the decision of ADTC to the competent authority, who shall review the recommendations of the ADTC and is authorized to uphold, modify or revert the decision, after due listening to all the parties concerned.
h) False Complaint
In the event that the ADTC determines that a false allegation was made in the complaint with mala-fide intention, it may send its findings to the Chairman and recommend the disciplinary action to be taken against the complainant.
To discourage drug abuse and smoking, the Chairman may approve the following penalties on the recommendation of ADTC:
a) Drug Abuse
For drug-related violations, the Chairman may, on recommendation by the ADTC, approve disciplinary action against students, staff, faculty, and visitors in the following way:
For smoking-related violations, the Chairman may, on recommendation by the ADTC, approve the following penalties: